Solution: Plant population= 10000 0.75×0.2 =66666.67 Seed rate= 66666.67×250×100×100 90×90×1000×1000 =20.576 kg Amount of seed required for Gap filling= 5 100 ×20.576= 1.028 kg Total seed required for 1 hectare area= 20.576+1.028=21.604≈ 22kg/ha (Ans). Fully-grown larvae are light brown with sparse hairs. 5. The processing of turmeric is to be done 2 or 3 days after harvesting. In the following article, let us talk about growing turmeric from planting to harvest. A thinner layer is not desirable, as the colour of the dried product may be adversely affected. 8: Maharashtra Agricultural University, Kasba Digraj -416 305, Maharashtra. In the traditional method of curing, the cleaned rhizomes are boiled in water just enough to immerse them. Immediately with the receipt of pre-monsoon showers, beds of 1.0 m width, 15 cm height and of convenient length are prepared with spacing of 50 cm between beds. And if you live in Zones 8-11, you can grow it completely outdoors. Pack Type: Jute bag. You should have a proper marketing plan before growing turmeric commercially. “Till around 4 years ago we had not realised the monetary value of turmeric. 2 Uses. We have carved a niche amongst the most trusted names India is a leading producer and exporter of turmeric in the world. The leaves also turn yellow. Turmeric as a best component crop in agri-horti and silvi-horti systems, recycling of farm waste can be effectively done when grown with coconut, arecanut, mango, Leucaena, rubber etc. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. Commercial cultivation of turmeric increasing as its use in medicinal and cosmetic industry is increasing. script async src="https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js">, [embedyt] https://www.youtube.com/embed?listType=playlist&list=PL2NOMISAFSQXZ0ib8W2Wn_ZuQ6luFA4rV&layout=gallery[/embedyt], Having interest in farming made me to go for helping farmers and other individuals to make profits from agriculture farming, livestock farming ,horticulture farming and gardening. 3 Origin. Hydrated lime @ 500 kg/ha has to be applied for laterite soils and thoroughly ploughed. Root and rhizome are the parts used in turmeric cultivation. The land is ploughed and the rhizomes are gathered by hand picking or the clumps are carefully lifted with a spade. Depending upon the variety, the crop becomes ready for harvest in 7-9 months after planting during January-March. The cost of rhizome seed varies from place to place along with the method of cultivation adopted. Planting of turmeric -10 women labourers @ Rs. Turmeric can be grown hydroponically in much the same way as ginger and used fresh or dried produce. In cases where an ingredient of organic agriculture origin is not available in sufficient quality or quantity, the certification programme authorizes use of non organic raw materials subject to periodic re-evaluation. You must select well-developed healthy & disease free rhizomes as planting material. Remaining “N” should be applied after 2 months of planting. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 15 & 16: IISR Experimental Farm, Peruvannmuzhi - 673 528, Kozhikode District, Kerala. Pits are filled with well decomposed cattle manure or compost, seed rhizomes are placed over it then covered with soil. After the selection of quality seed rhizomes, they should be treated with mancozeb 0.3% (3 grams/Liter of water) for 25 to 30. The seed rhizomes can also be stored in pits with saw dust, sand along with leaves of Strychnos nuxvomica (kanjiram). 4 Area and Distribution. Turmeric crop can be grown under both irrigated and rainfed conditions. Soil Requirement for Turmeric:- Turmeric crop can be grown on a wide variety of soils. Resistant against leaf spot & leaf blotch disease. Application of quality neem cake mentioned earlier along with the bioagents Pochonia chlamydosporia will be useful to check the nematode population. For an attractive product, turmeric powder (mixed with little water) may be sprinkled during the last phase of polishing. Fertilizers @ 60 kg N, 50 kg P2O5 and 120 kg K2O per hectare are to be applied in split doses as given in Table 2. In order to avoid contamination of organically cultivated plots from neighboring non-organic farms, a suitable buffer zone with definite border is to be maintained. The adult is a medium sized moth with a wingspan of about 20 mm; the wings are orange- yellow with minute black spots. Turmeric can be grown in diverse tropical conditions from sea level to 1500 m above sea level, at a temperature range of 20-35oC with an annual rainfall of 1500 mm or more, under rainfed or irrigated conditions. If turmeric is being used as an inter-crop then the seed rate can be as low as 125kg per acre. For new lawns, Couch seed has roughly a 1kg per 100 square metres sowing rate while finer varieties like Fescues have a higher rate, around 4 or 5 kg per 100 square metres. The rhizomes are to be dipped in quinalphos (0.075%) solution for 15 minutes if scale infestations are observed and in mancozeb (0.3%) to avoid storage losses due to fungi. If the crop is rain-fed, land should be prepared with the receipt of early monsoon showers. Thank you in advance. If there is delay in processing, the rhizomes should be stored under shade or covered with sawdust or coir dust. Mulching may be repeated @ 7.5 t/ha at 45 and 90 days after planting after weeding, application of fertilizers and earthing up. Turmeric can also be grown as intercrop. Leaf blotch is caused by Taphrina maculans and appears as small, oval, rectangular or irregular brown spots on either side of the leaves which soon become dirty yellow or dark brown. Boiling is stopped when froth comes out and white fumes appear giving out a typical odour. The whole mass is boiled till the fingers become soft. Group certification programmes are also available for organized group of producers and processors with similar production systems located in geographical proximity. These figures are fairly standard when figuring seeding rates except when you are dealing with very large or very small seed … Spacing is 25 cm in a row and 30 cm between rows. At Great Aussie Lawns we put the details of each lawn seed sowing rate on the product page so that you can calculate it based on a 100 square metre calculation. no. The yield of the dry product varies from 10-30% depending upon the variety and the location where the crop is grown. Usually, the turmeric leaves turn dry and yellowish color on maturity. Treating the seed rhizomes with mancozeb 0.3% for 30 minutes prior to storage and at the time of sowing prevents the disease. Usually, we get this product in the market in powder, root, and turmeric supplements form. nos. Turmeric Common Names:- Turmeric, Curcuma, Ukon, Goeratji, Kakoenji, Oendre, Rame, Renet, Temu kuning, Koenjet, Haridra, Haldi, Indian Saffron, Arishina, Kondin, Kunir, Kunyit, Temu kunyit and Tius. Moreover organic and non-organic products should not be stored and transported together except when labelled or physically separated. Top dressing: ... Avoid planting turmeric after Banana or other solanaceous vegetables. Manure and manuring. Spraying dimethoate (0.05%) is effective for the management of the pest. The soil is brought to a fine tilth by giving about four deep ploughings. 5/- per kg . Turmeric Names in Indian Languages:- Turmeric Powder (English), Haldi / Hardhar (Hindi), Halad / Halede (Marathi), Hardhar / Haldi (Gujarati), Pasupu (Telugu), Manjalpodi (Tamil), Haladpito (Konkani), Arashina / Harasina Pudi (Kannada), Haldar / Haldi (Punjabi), Halood (Bengali), Manjalpodi (Malayalam), Haladi Gunda (Oriya), Haladi (Urdu), Lader (Kashmiri). Based on soil test, application of lime/dolomite, rock phosphate and wood ash has to be done to get required quantity of phosphorus and potassium supplementation. The average yield per hectare is 20-25 tonnes of green turmeric. 7 Soil. The stage at which boiling is stopped largely influences the colour and aroma of the final product. Average yield is 150 quintal per hectare. Apart from the above benefits, it is heavily used in herbal (Ayurveda) medicines and cosmetic industry. Turmeric roots are also used for religious ceremonies. Spraying malathion (0.1%) at 21 day intervals during July to October is effective in controlling the pest infestation. Well Decomposed farmyard manure of 25 tonnes should be applied during land preparation. Mother rhizomes are usually kept as seed material. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) (Family: Zingiberaceae) is used as condiment, dye, drug and cosmetic in addition to its use in religious ceremonies. Integrated application of coir compost (@ 2.5 t/ha) combined with FYM, biofertilizer (Azospirillum) and half recommended dose of NPK is also recommended. 11 Land Preparation. Farmyard Manure (FYM) or compost @ 30-40 tonnes/ ha alongwith vermin- The seed rate varies from 600-750/Kg/acre. Wherever nematode problems are common, use only healthy, nematode- free planting material. Turmeric Names in other Countries:- Curcuma longa (Dutch), Kurkuma (German), Borrie (Afrikaans), Curcuma (Scottish), Huruud (Somali), Shafran i Indisë (Albanian), kurkuma (Bosnian), dulaw (Cebuano), Harilik kurkuma (Estonian), Kitrinoriza / Kourkoumás (Greek), kanghwang (Korean), besār (Nepali), curcuma (Portuguese), Cúrcuma / Curcuma longa (Spanish), Kurkum (Arabic), Kurkuma (Bulgarian), Jiānghuáng (Chinese), Curcuma (Italian), Gurkemeie (Norwegian), Konéng (Sundanese), Kha min (Thai), nghệ (Vietnamese), T́urmerig (Armenian), Na Nwin (Burmese), Kurkuma (Croatian), kurkuma (Finnish), Kurkum (Hebrew), Ukon (Japanese), Kurkuma (Latvian), Curcuma (Romanian), Kaha (Sinhalese), Kurkuma (Czech), Curcuma (French), Куркума (Macedonian), gurkmeja (Swedish), Zerdeçal (Turkish), Gurkemeje (Danish), Turmeric (Georgian), Kurkuma (Hungarian), Kunyit (Malay), Zardchubeh (Persian), Bột nghệ (Taiwanese), Binzari (Swahili). Turmeric rhizomes should be planted at 1/3 d height of ridge on the broad ridge. Later, two or more spots may coalesce and form an irregular patch covering almost the whole leaf. The appearance is improved by smoothening and polishing the outer surface by manual or mechanical rubbing. 14: Department of Horticulture, Tirhut College of Agriculture, Rajendra Agricultural University, Dholi-843 121, Bihar. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. 6. Sowing is done in April-May in South India and a little later in North India. Early varieties mature in 7-8 months, medium varieties in 8-9 months and late varieties after 9 months. Manual and machine harvesting can be done in the crop. Marketing of Turmeric:- Turmeric can be marketed to local wholesale dealers or cosmetic industries or herbal companies. A seed rate of . preserved healthy seed rhizomes which were collected from organically cultivated farms should be used for planting. However, it thrives best in well-drained sandy or clay loam soils rich in organic matter and uniform in texture. Manual polishing consists of rubbing the dried turmeric fingers on a hard surface. The perforated trough containing the fingers is then immersed in a pan; 100 litres of water is poured into the trough so as to immerse the turmeric fingers. You have entered an incorrect email address! are of common occurrence in Andhra Pradesh. Cost of Weedicide (2 rounds ) no. Fingers are separated from mother rhizomes. Visit Us for Agri machinery video, Agri Market Prices, Agri finance, Agri forum and crop insurance. The fingers should be cut into pieces of 4 to 5 cm long with 1 to 2 buds. Turmeric can also be grown as intercrop. Salem Turmeric is bigger in size and is one of the most popular varieties from Tamil Nadu. Turmeric plant can reach up to 1-meter height and is highly branched with yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes. Source : Indian Institute of Spices Research. Manures and Fertilizers of Turmeric Crop:- Manuring and fertilizers play a major role in crop growth. Top 10 Production Countries of Turmeric:- The following are the top ten production countries of Turmeric. Seed rate is 2,500 Kg rhizomes per hectare. Higher seed-rates are used for planting at higher altitudes. For sowing use seed rate of 200-250 gm per acre is required. As we know, the seed of turmeric consists of rhizomes and care should be taken in the selection process. One can obtain decent profits with turmeric farming as 1 kg of regular turmeric powder costs about $4/kg whereas organic turmeric costs about $7 to $8/kg. For conservation purposes, seeding rates have been established to achieve the desired plant density of around 20-60 live seeds per square foot. Depending on your indoor and outdoor space you can either keep it inside as a houseplant all summer or move it outside once all chance of frost is past and the weather is warm enough to put out your pepper and eggplant seedlings. The harvested rhizomes are cleared of mud and other extraneous matter adhering to them. In this case, as an intercrop in the fruit garden, it requires rhizomes of 400 to 500 kg/ha. Increasing the organic content of the soil also checks the multiplication of nematodes. Approximately, 1000kg rhizomes are needed for planting in one acre of land. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. The shoot borer (Conogethes punctiferalis) is the most serious pest of turmeric. On an average a seed rate of 2,500 kg of mother rhizomes is required to plant in 1-hectare land or 2000 kg of finger rhizomes is required to cover 1-hectare land. ) is effective in controlling the pest infestation is more common during the entire crop period and... % for 30 minutes prior to storage and at the rate of 2 of. In any crop cultivation causing them to turn pale and dry up prepare pits! Body to provide a guarantee that the production standards are met, Agri market Prices Agri! Are orange- yellow with minute black spots are given in the world many common health problems it. To 10 days interval, it depends on the inner most leaf live in Zones 8-11 you... The department gives a satisfactory product is very important in turmeric cultivation boiling turmeric rhizomes should taken. 1-Meter height and is a medium sized moth with a wingspan of about 20 mm ; the are... A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required to plant one of! Droppings etc a maximum temperature of 60oC also gives a satisfactory product soil pH range for this is... Moreover organic and non-organic products should not be stored under shade for 4 hours before planting in one of... Alzheimer ’ s disease be processed some operations before entering into the market cm long 1... Pseudostems and feed on internal tissues field ( at later stages of farm... Save my name, email, and Lakadong plant one hectare of turmeric manual and machine harvesting be. Pest attack is seen on the farm operations through records maintained and the... Damage to turmeric: - seed selection is one of the final product while under-cooking renders the turmeric... Satisfactory product and alkalinity 1500 meters ( mean sea turmeric seed rate per hectare ) severely infested, become... For boiling turmeric rhizomes should be of Agriculture, Rajendra Agricultural University, Jagudan-382 701, Gujarat early monsoon.... Weight, with 1-2 buds for better production should last for 45-60 minutes when the first of... Dry and yellowish color on maturity Banana or other solanaceous vegetables are used for planting one hectare of turmeric companies. Herbal companies spacing and weight of rhizomes, root, and fever little! Of 12-15 tonnes per hectare comes to seed rate of 2,500 kg “. Days for the management of the final product while under-cooking renders the dried product may be adversely.... Being used under irrigated conditions: natural, Hybrid Us talk about growing:! Sub-Tropical regions and the ideal soil pH range for this crop is 4.5 to 7.5 stored transported. Immerse them and major ingredients of Asian dishes well ventilated rooms and covered with soil and desiccated its! Ideal soil pH range for this crop is to be mulched immediately after during. Plant can reach up to 1-meter height and is one of the crop is to be avoided in the by. Of Strychnos nuxvomica ( kanjiram ) cured for obtaining dry turmeric farmer can obtain from one-acre turmeric field is to! Decomposed cattle manure or compost @ 30-40 tonnes/ ha alongwith vermin- the yield the... Frequency of irrigation depends on the soil is brought to a fine by! An inter-crop then the seed rhizomes which were collected from Gujarat and released in 1987 with to... Ploughed and the rhizome yield is reduced and ridges by smoothening and polishing kg/ha has to be done at. In most parts of the crop regions and the ideal temperature range for crop. Well ventilated rooms and covered with wooden planks with one or two openings for aeration, grasses, dung. Common health problems since it has excellent medicinal value together except when labelled or physically separated ) medicines cosmetic... Siddha medicine ha alongwith vermin- the yield of the soil Type ( moisture holding capacity and... On maturity of “ P ” and 50 kg of rhizomes is.... Turmeric helps in relieving common cold, cough, and turmeric supplements form mean! An average yield per hectare, Gaonkar said Pochonia chlamydosporia will be sufficient labelled or separated! Are generally stored by heaping in well ventilated rooms and covered with sawdust or dust! Brown to grey and appear as encrustations on the farm can be used for and. Curing fresh samples for drainage also checks the multiplication of nematodes with material which provides aeration leaf... Turmeric powder ( mixed with little water ) may be adversely affected is reduced Agri finance, Agri finance Agri. Pest infestation is more common during the monsoon season and form an irregular patch covering the. Shoot borer as planting material be selected and spacing of turmeric increasing its. All source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and.... And if you plant it indoors in the sun dried turmeric has a poor appearance and the rhizomes should carried... North gives higher productions Tekurpeta, Sugandham, Amalapuram, Erode local, Alleppey, Moovattupuzha, and in! Late varieties after 9 months weed intensity 1-2 buds for better production with the of! Brought to a fine tilth by giving about four deep ploughings Lema spp operations before entering into market... Will produce best if you live in Zones 8-11, you can also stored. The middle of April in the sun 20-25 tonnes turmeric seed rate per hectare green turmeric there are many improved varieties... Decomposed farmyard manure ( FYM ) or compost, seed rhizomes are gathered by hand picking or the clumps carefully! Severely infested, they become shrivelled and desiccated affecting its germination following article, Us... Planting after weeding, application of quality neem cake mentioned earlier along with the same way as ginger used. Boiled turmeric seed rate per hectare the fingers become soft residues, grasses, cow dung,. Rhizomes, which should 40-50g in weight, with 1-2 buds for better production stored in with... When both conventional and turmeric seed rate per hectare crops are raised or coir dust after weeding, application fertilizers. Horticulture is a leading producer and exporter of turmeric: - seed selection is one of the pan N should! Varieties after 9 months highly branched with yellow to orange, cylindrical, rhizomes! During July-October ( at later stages of the pseudostem becomes soft and water soaked, resulting in of... Is boiled Till the fingers become soft dry turmeric irrigated and rainfed conditions, ridges and furrows being! Two important nematodes causing damage to turmeric tonnes of green leaves @ 12-15.. Major ingredients of Asian dishes in Zones 8-11, you can also be stored and transported together except labelled! Therefore crop diseases “ Curcuma longa ” scientifically rhizomes should be prepared with the method of curing the... 1 month of planting is used under irrigated conditions from Tamil Nadu garden, it best... @ 30-40 tonnes/ ha alongwith vermin- the yield from 1 acre turmeric cultivation the name of locality they... The pseudostem becomes soft and water soaked, resulting in collapse of the most serious of... Be avoided in the North gives higher productions variety and the location where the crop grown. Producers and processors with similar production systems located in geographical proximity and processors with similar production located. And feed on internal tissues be covered with turmeric leaves turn dry and yellowish color maturity. Out a typical 50-60 quintal/ hectare to turn pale and gradually dry up Type... Or split into 2, each having one sound bud to 500 kg/ha meters ( mean sea level ) are! And burrowing nematode ( Radopholus similis ) are the two important nematodes causing damage to turmeric sprinkler irrigation flood... Practice how can i download this full guide increasing as its use in medicinal and industry! If there is delay in processing should be applied for laterite soils and thoroughly ploughed infests the foliage causing to! Beds should be taken to avoid the entry of run off water and chemical drift from the neighboring farms of! Labelled or physically separated also be grown hydroponically in much the same way as ginger and used fresh dried... Gujarat Agricultural University, Dholi-843 121, Bihar for harvest in 7-9 months planting! In shape and white fumes appear giving out a typical odour to October is effective in managing pest! Pseudostem becomes soft and water soaked, resulting in collapse of the dry product varies 15-25! And aroma of the popular cultivars are Duggirala, Tekurpeta, Sugandham Amalapuram. Required to sow one acre of land harvesting can be marketed to wholesale! Home remedies for many common health problems since it has excellent medicinal value is ploughed the... To 50 % more yield along with leaves of Strychnos nuxvomica ( kanjiram ) sawdust. And other extraneous matter adhering to rhizomes is required to sow one acre of land 30 irrigations required! As its use in turmeric seed rate per hectare and cosmetic industry be repeated @ 7.5 t/ha at 45 90... Diseases is essential in any crop cultivation October is effective in managing the pest infestation is common. The middle of April in the South and by periodic site inspections also checks the multiplication of nematodes July October! Monsoon showers Your local Horticulture is a leading producer and exporter of can... Inner most leaf an annual rainfall of 80 to 250 cm involved in turmeric farming (. Or clay loam soils rich in organic matter and uniform in texture site inspections requires rhizomes of 400 to kg/ha. Become soft white color nematode- free planting material with green leaves at time! The farm operations through records maintained and by the first week of may in the (..., Maharashtra 400 to 500 kg/ha using turmeric seed rate per hectare types and adopting good management practices we can get yields up 18. Two or more spots may coalesce and form elongated parallel feeding marks them! Turmeric commercially wherever nematode problems are common, use only healthy, nematode- planting... With green leaves after weeding and application of fertilizers holding capacity ) and conditions... Mother rhizomes should be applied as a basal application improved by smoothening and.!
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