The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty of imperial China coexisted with Parthia and Kushan, spanning the mid-latitude of Eurasia and northern Africa. Some Han generals such as Wei Qin and Hui Zhu Bing began their lives as servants' sons. The Cambridge Illustrated History of China. Birth was an important indicator of social position. Although North China again fell in 352 AD, the memory of Ran Min kept the barbarians from reverting to their previous slaughter.  Accepting the proposal of Er Kuan (兒寬), in 111 BCE Emperor Wu commissioned Er to lead the project of creating extensions to the Zhengguo Canal that could irrigate nearby terrain elevated above the main canal. The Han capitalized on another form of water engineering - canals. Bailey, L. H., and Wilhelm Miller. Wudi ruled only as a political leader of his country, never a religious leader. In enhancing administration, both empires were divided into distinct territories, for instance, the Roman was divided into provinces whereas the Mongol was divided into four major divisions. . Poorer farmers and tenant laborers worked on their fields.  At one point, the Roman Empire was divided into 113 provinces traversed by 372 great road links. Han China and Romeâs Empires had the same causes for their declines, but their effects are different. In order to further improve the crop, the state invested heavily in large irrigation projects in areas such as Shanxi. Even though these two civilizations held many differences, they also shared rulers who personally oversaw their governments to prevent numerous dilemmas and used expansive trade routes to build up their economies and further their influence in the world. They make gold and silver coins. The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty were both powerful influential forces in their heyday. - [Steve] Well, let's start with the obvious point there that there is a division. Han Dynasty and Roman Empire (Compare and Contrast), A Flair for the Dramatic/Selfish Machines by Pierce the Veil. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. The Emperor Wu did not punish him; instead he congratulated the official for his ingenuity. How about receiving a customized one? While the Han Dynasty designed its leadership policies based on Confucian ideas and concepts, the Roman Empire imposed governance based on Roman laws and classical teachings (Ropp 36). Ebrey, Patricia Buckley (1999).  A list of Roman bridges compiled by the engineer Colin O'Connor features 330 Roman stone bridges for traffic, 34 timber bridges and 54 aqueduct bridges, a substantial part still standing and even used to carry vehicles. To properly understand early Sino-Roman contact we have to look way back, to the time of Alexander the Great in ancient Greece. Their leaders were also extremely involved in their governments. The examination was tremendously rigorous, and whoever received the highest score was given the bureaucratic position. The basis of this society were free peasants, who formed the base of the tax revenues of the state and who produced most of the agricultural crop. Despite their many similarities, the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire were very different. Walter Scheidel reviewed the previous scholarship when he explained the purpose of Stanford University's ancient Chinese and Mediterranean Empires Comparative History Project and the framework of its study in the early 21st century. Similarly, China suffered from fierce Hun assaults. to 476 C.E. â¢ The roman empire offered a kind of assimilation to its subject peoples. However, this was a fragile network; once the Pax Romana ended, the trade networks began to collapse as merchants could no longer be sure whether their goods would arrive safely. Many institutions were set up to settle legal disputes, and Roman law appeared in every town governed by the empire. Roman Empire and Han Dynasty A Short Comparison. are two well-known classical empires. The Han maintained and expanded the massive engineering works of their predecessor Qin. , The Han built fortified roadways and extensive walls & fortifications that served as both deterrent to the Confederacy of nomadic kingdoms to the north, and to protect traders and merchants along the silk road. Similarly, both empires were large; they covered large geographical areas with huge populations. Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? They had developed economies, relying mainly on agriculture and on commerce. In the wars that followed, the Han empire was divided into three contending states It was not until the 4th century that China was reunified under the Jin dynasty (Chinese:晉朝). Let a Professional Writer Help You, Â© New York Essays 2020. and All of these innovations sparked a massive increase in the production of agricultural, mined, and manufactured goods. Similarities existed in terms of their organization, leadership and justice system among others. Coinage was issued in large amounts; however, since China lacked silver, the basic issue were bronze coins along with the rare but more valuable silver coins. They rapidly advanced Chinese technology, and created the cultural and political foundations for much of East Asia. It grew on the milk of of humans." Li Bo, Zheng Yin, "5000 years of Chinese history", Inner Mongolian People's publishing corp ,Page 240-245. 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